Fallen arches, also popularly known as flat feet is an abnormality caused by dysfunctional tendons joining the heel of the foot to its bone. The objective of the tendons is to create enough elasticity but, when it fails to perform proficiently, the arch in the middle of our foot which is principally responsible for rendering balance defers little or no curve at all. If reports are to be believed, nearly 30% of the global population suffers from this condition and every 1 out 10 people exhibit symptoms of flat feet. Commonly, in such cases, both feet are affected but, this is not a hard-and-fast rule. There are numerous exceptions to it.
There are a string of potential reasons that can be held responsible for creating fallen arches including genetics, pregnancy, obesity, aging, injury, nerve and muscle aberrations, cerebral palsy and the like. As because the problem of flat feet is so sensitive, it calls for thorough care and treatment to keep away from the unnerving pain and carry out your daily chores without any additional disturbance. In the segment below, we will be recommending some exercises that can be done at home to treat fallen arches.
Fundamentally, there are two types of flat feet, namely flexible flatfoot and rigid flatfoot.
If a child who is more than 3 years of age develops the signs of flexible flatfoot, the doctor is most likely to suggest therapeutic shoe inserts that will mold the shape of the feet into their desired forms. Other than that, you can also use store-bought arch supports which are somewhat expensive but, have shown rocket-high success rates. Because a child’s body is a dollop of clay that changes as he ages, there are indeed decent chances for him to spare himself from the tribulations of the fallen arch through nonsurgical and conservative treatments.
If nothing else works, surgery will have to be taken into consideration as nobody would want his/her child to endure the pain all throughout his life.
There are three things that the treatment of rigid flatfoot depends on and they are as follows:
This treatment depends on the age of the patient, the severity of the symptoms and bone fusion. When the case is not as serious, the physician will advise you to abide by a list of nonsurgical recourses of recovery including temporary immobilization of the foot by setting it in a cast, wrapping it with supportive and calming straps and shoe inserts. Nonetheless, in austere situations, there is no other course to take apart from surgery.
Congenital Vertical Talus
Here, serial casting is the ultimate answer. For the uninitiated, the foot is placed in a cast and as the name suggests, the cast is altered time and again to reposition the feet.
Lateral Subtalar Dislocation
A lateral subtalar dislocation occurs when the bone is dislocated from the feet and the objective is to put it back in its place. If there is no open wound on the surface, the doctor will use anesthesia for the treatment and push the bone back to align it. After the process is successfully carried out, a leg cast is installed for four weeks to stabilize the joint.